The Council for Geoscience (CGS) is one of the National Science Councils of South Africa and is the legal successor of the Geological Survey of South Africa, which was formed in 1912 by the amalgamation of three former surveys, the oldest of which - the Geological Commission of the Cape of Good Hope - was founded in 1895. The Geoscience Act, Act No. 100 of 1993 established the CGS in its present form. Today, the CGS is a modern institution, boasting excellent facilities and expertise and ranking among the best in Africa.
One of the mandates of the CGS is to guide government policies on mineral development. This is achieved through integrated programmes of data gathering and assessment conducted at a national and a regional scale and includes the synthesis and interpretation of Mineral Resource/Reserve data. Further, various target generation projects have been generated with the objective of stimulating investment in exploration/mining in South Africa. Furthermore, a baseline study of the Karoo shale gas field has been undertaken to map the geological area, determine the environmental baseline, assess the amount of gas produced, test and monitor ground water contamination and monitor potential seismic interferences.
Since all of these programmes are to be used (locally and globally) in the national interest, the CGS has implemented SAMCODES compliance in all data collection and reporting regimes. In this respect, close co-operation between CGS, DMR, PASA and the SSC is being developed.